Prostatitis: diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

what is prostatitis

Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland. It is the most common disease in men.

It is believed that the disease with prostatitis in most cases is associated with the penetration of the infection. However, this is not entirely true. In some cases, the diseases are non-infectious in nature.

The main cause of prostatitis is due to the peculiarities of the anatomical structure of the prostate gland and its blood supply.

Features of prostatitis

healthy and diseased prostate

The prostate gland is located in the pelvic area. Its anatomical structure differs from the structure of all other human glands. The prostate gland consists of several parts and only one of them contains glandular tissue. The glandular tissue of the prostate consists of numerous small glands, each of which has its own excretory duct. The canals merge together to form the largest canals. Both in the small and in the large channels there are expansions, sinuses, in which the secretion of the prostate accumulates - prostatic juice. In turn, prostatic juice is an excellent nutrient medium for the development of bacteria, and the cells lining the sinuses are an excellent substrate for the life of an intracellular sexually transmitted infection (chlamydia, mycoplasma, ureaplasma, viruses). In addition, the prostate has no major blood vessels of its own and is supplied by small vessels from eight to ten sources. Therefore, the speed of blood flow in the prostate gland is initially low, which in turn predisposes both to the development of an infectious beginning and to the formation of stagnant changes in the prostate tissue itself. These circumstances largely determine the complexity of structural changes in the prostate gland and the variety of clinical forms of prostatitis.

There are many classifications of prostatitis, but none of them is completely comprehensive. In short, there are two main courses of prostatitis: chronic and acute.

Acute prostatitisdiffers from chronic in a brighter complex of symptoms. Its treatment is carried out with the use of significant doses of antibiotics, and in some cases it becomes necessary to perform an operation to remove abscesses from the prostate.

Symptoms of acute prostatitis

High temperature, severe pain in the perineum, in the groin, above the pubis. Pain when urinating. Poor general health. Reduced potency, etc.

In chronic prostatitis, the clinical picture is often blurred.There may be no symptoms at all. Very often, problems with potency and sexual intercourse are due to general fatigue, psychological stress at work, lack of rest, and accordingly, a person simply does not understand that he is sick. Therefore, in this case, preventive examinations play an important role, the purpose of which is to detect the incipient inflammation of the prostate.

Symptoms of chronic prostatitis

  • emerging and relatively quickly passing pain in the perineum, inguinal region, above the pubis;
  • decreased sexual desire (libido);
  • a change in the duration of intercourse (in some cases rapid ejaculation, in others - a significant prolongation of intercourse);
  • change in the nature of sexual sensation (reduced intensity of orgasm);
  • the appearance of discharge from the urethra, especially in the morning.

Why is prostatitis dangerous?

In the absence of qualified treatment of prostatitis, there is subsequently a violation of sexual function - impotence, impaired ejaculation (especially accelerated ejaculation). Prostatitis can become chronic and lead to urolithiasis and infertility.

Treatment of prostatitis

Prostatitis treatment should be comprehensive and well selected. Treatment includes measures such as antibiotic therapy, prostate massage. Prostate massage, despite the fact that it causes a number of unpleasant sensations, is a necessary procedure. First, for diagnosis, when you need to take the secret of the prostate for examination, in addition, in certain cases, a massage is performed to relieve congestion in the prostate gland. Usually, this event is approached seriously and selectively.

For the treatment of prostatitis, physiotherapy, immunoregulatory therapy, lifestyle correction are widely used.

Physiotherapy methods are used almost everywhere in modern medicine for the treatment and prevention of a wide range of diseases. Taking into account the long-term experience in the effectiveness of the use of physiotherapy by our and foreign doctors, for the treatment of our patients we use only modern and latest imported equipment for electrotherapeutic procedures (electrophoresis, pulsed and alternating currents, electrical stimulation, etc. ), laser therapy with a different spectrum, ultrasound therapy, magnetic therapy, vacuum therapy.

Prevention of prostatitis

To prevent prostatitis, it is important to organize your life so that it contains as few risk factors as possible for the development of this disease. It is recommended to establish a balanced diet, limit the consumption of spicy and fatty foods, do not abuse alcohol and maintain a stable normal weight. Stay cool and move as much as possible. A regular sex life, without long periods of abstinence, is necessary to maintain a constant circulation of sperm and an active blood supply to the prostate gland. It is true that we should not forget that the development of prostatitis is often provoked by sexually transmitted infections, so sex should be not only regular, but also necessarily protected. Ideally, every man should undergo a preventive examination by a urologist at least once a year. First of all, it is necessary to examine the secret of the prostate and perform an ultrasound examination of the prostate, and after 40 years it is mandatory to donate blood for tumor markers.

Prostatitis is a complex and insidious disease; its treatment is a big problem for doctors all over the world. However, this does not mean that the doctor cannot help the patient with prostatitis. It is not always possible to completely cure the patient, but modern medicine is able to eliminate the symptoms of prostatitis, to induce stable long-term remission. And the duration of this period depends on the patient himself. If he will honestly follow the doctor's recommendations.

Inflammation of the prostate gland is a disease that is much easier to avoid than to treat. Make small changes in your life that are useful and necessary to prevent prostatitis, and you will not suffer from this unpleasant and complex disease throughout your life.

Do not forget to consult a qualified specialist in the field of male diseases at the Semeynaya Clinic.